JEL Classifications: L26, O31, O33, Q55
TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATIONS AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR ENTREPRENEURSHIP DEVELOPMENT IN GEORGIA Author: Amirani Maglakelidze
| Published: 2020-12-28
| Pages: 264 - 269
For Citation: Maglakelidze A. (2020). Technological Innovations And Opportunities For Entrepreneurship Development In Georgia. Globalization and Business, 10, 264-269. https://doi.org/10.35945/gb.2020.10.036
Given the modern global conjuncture, technological innovation and creative thinking play a major role in the process of implementing entrepreneurial activities. The rapid development of digital technologies and the emergence of diverse digital platforms have given impetus to the transformation of entrepreneurial behavior and the conduct of entrepreneurial activities from the real - to the virtual environment. In the modern digital world, there is no alternative to technological entrepreneurship. 5G network, blockchain, 3D printing and other technological innovations make business processes faster, more reliable and flexible. The generation and implementation of continuous innovative ideas in technology has led to the emergence and development of information technology, digital technology, digital platforms, on which the modern form of entrepreneurship - digital entrepreneurship is based.
One of the obstacles to the development of digital entrepreneurship in Georgia is the lack of proper access to digital technologies. At the same time, the population of Georgia has not yet developed the digital culture and skills that ensure the implementation of commercial activities in the virtual space. According to the National Statistics Office of Georgia in July 2019 in the country: 70.6% of households actively used the Internet, only 20.8% of them purchased goods and/or services through digital channels. In 2018, only 3.2% of enterprises received an order through the website. These data indicate the low level of Internet use by the public and, consequently, enterprises for commercial purposes. This untapped segment, at the same time, creates a solid potential for further development of digital entrepreneurship. Especially today, when physical mobility is restricted due to the worldwide pandemic COVID-19.
Innovations and technologies are the main driving forces of modern entrepreneurship. Therefore, the emphasis of the Government of Georgia in this direction and the launch of appropriate economic policy instruments should positively support the transformation of the entrepreneurial environment and entrepreneurial behavior in the country. Given the current situation in Georgia, in order to identify and develop digital entrepreneurial opportunities, it would be appropriate to take the following measures: First, the state must ensure that more people have access to the Internet and digital technologies; Second, increase the scale of financial support programs for innovative and digital entrepreneurial initiatives, also, to help startups attract funding sources, to consult on opportunities to attract venture investments, to make it possible to implement a more technologically innovative idea; Third, primacy should be given to Georgian universities in the fields of entrepreneurship, innovation and technology, computer science; Fourth, the network of innovation centers should be expanded and similar educational spaces should be created to ensure the development of technical and entrepreneurial skills of the population (especially the rural population) in the field of innovation and technology.
Technological Innovation, Entrepreneurship, Digital Entrepreneurship, Digital Technology, Digital Platform
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