JEL Classifications: E24, R23
THE PROCESS OF INTERNAL MIGRATION OF THE ADJARIAN HIGHLANDS TO THE MODERN STAGE Author: Natela Tsiklashvili, Ketevan Chanidze, Zeinab Surmanidze
| Published: 2019-12-27
| Pages: 83 - 89
For Citation: Tsiklashvili, N., Chanidze, K., Surmanidze, Z. (2019). The process of internal migration of the Adjarian Highlands to the modern stage. Globalization And Business, #8, pp. 83-89.
Internal migration is an important demographic process that negatively affects a country›s demographic balance. It can be both voluntary and forced. In the first case, the migration of people from the village to the city is due to socio- economic reasons. In the second case, people are forced to leave their homes and move during natural disasters and conflicts (eco-migrants and displaced persons). The problem can be considered in a regional context and highlight a number of trends that are relevant for the Autonomous Republic of Adjara. The reduction of the population of regions is importance for ensuring demographic security, both for using the potential of economic development and for the population in the regions adjacent to the state border. Since the internal migration flows are large, this can lead to an increase in labor flows from the regions. In
addition, in the case of vulnerable groups, such as displaced persons and eco-migrants who live in different municipalities, additional problems arise in terms of integration resettlement. According to experts, the control of internal migration processes was practically destroyed in the post- Soviet period. The movement of the population within the country is no longer controlled; accordingly, the issue is less studied in the scientific direction. Management of internal population flows caused by armed conflict, socio-economic and environmental problems requires more attention from the state. It is especially important to develop and implement policies that encourage the use of accumulated human and financial resources for sustainable development, which will allow local residents to stay in their places of residence. This will affect not only urbanization / emigration trends, but also general macroeconomic indicators, income levels and living standards.
MIGRATION, UNEMPLOYMENT, STANDARD OF LIVING
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