ქართ | Eng

ISSN 2449-2396 (Print) | E ISSN 2449-2612 (Online)

JEL Classifications: B10, F60, F68


THE ECONOMIC ROLE OF THE STATE IN CONDITIONS OF GLOBALIZATION

Author: ELGUJA MEKVABISHVILI | Published: 2019-12-27 | Pages: 22 - 33

Full Text

For Citation: Mekvabishvili, E. (2019). The Economic Role of the State in Conditions of Globalization. Globalization And Business, #8, pp. 22-33.

Abstract

State (government) intervention in the economy has a long history. This issue has become especially crucial after the formation of the market economy. The cyclical (uneven) nature of market economy development determines state›s intervention with various levels in certain periods. the role of government in economy is getting more important in recession and crisis periods and it is becoming less important in  a  period of the  normal  development of the economy. The most obvious proof of this is the global financial and economic crisis of 2007-2008, that has been overcome by the active anti-crisis policy of the State. The government’s   role in the economy during the post-crisis period was relatively weakened. Globalization significantly changes the state›s economic role, but it does not nullify it. Nowadays, the relationship between the state and the economy is crucial and beneficial for both sides.

In the modern economic system the state has one of the most important parts of the market economy. Unlike the private market, which is determined by the profit and-loss categories, the main objective of the State›s economic activity is to maximize welfare of the entire society. Governments of the countries participating in the globalization process are not able to carry out economic policy without taking into consideration the interests of the global members - international financial and economic institutions, transnational companies (TNCs) and regional unions.


Keywords

ECONOMIC ROLE OF THE STATE, ECONOMIC GLOBALIZATION, „PENDULUM EFFECT“, ECONOMIC POLICY, ECONOMIC SOVEREIGNTY, ECONOMIC LIBERALIZATION, DEREGULATION, «SMALL STATE»


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