JEL Classifications: F52, F63, O18, R40
GLOBALIZATION AND NEW OPPORTUNITIES FOR GEORGIA Author: Shota Veshapidze, Tamaz Zubiashvili, Ketevan Chiabrishvili
| Published: 2021-12-15
| Pages: 32 - 36
For Citation: Veshapidze, S., Zubiashvili, T., & Chiabrishvili, T. (2021). Globalization And New Opportunities For Georgia. Globalization and Business. 12, 32-36. https://doi.org/10.35945/gb.2021.12.003
To define the conceptual vision of the unified development of Georgia, it is necessary to understand it as a systemic process against the background of continuous historical and civilizational progress, which emphasizes the main features of the dynamic picture from time immemorial to the present. These visions have largely led to the development of the Georgian National Security Concept. The geo-economic strategy of the country is an important part of it.
Geoeconomics as a separate science emerged in the late twentieth century and studies the interaction between the man and the space. The formation of geoeconomic science is linked to the emergence of global economic problems. A characteristic feature of modernity has been the shift of the center of gravity of the struggle against the government to the economic sphere. Problems that have been solved by force of arms for centuries are finally being solved on the basis of finances and information. Economic wars have largely replaced conventional warfare.
According to the American Scientists, Robert Blackville and Jennifer M. Harris's three-component definition, geoeconomics is the use of economic tools: to pursue and protect national interests; to achieve positive geopolitical results. Currently, in theory, geopolitical applications have seven economic instruments: trade policy, investment policy, economic and financial sanctions, cyber attacks, economic development assistance, financial and monetary policy, energy and commodity policy. They may be very different from each other, but it still makes sense to discuss them together.
Geoeconomics is an interdisciplinary subject. It allows you to study and connect the best of different subjects around one topic. Therefore, the role of geoeconomics in the preparation of undergraduate, graduate and doctoral students of economic profile is important. It allows to strengthen the interdisciplinary academic approach which will facilitate the optimal use of geo-economic instruments and the country's geo-economic potential for the interests of Georgia. The National Security Concept of Georgia, in order to realize and dispute the national interests of Georgia, analyzes the threats, risks and challenges facing Georgia and defines the main directions of Georgia's security policy. The use of geo-economic instruments plays an important role in the implementation of this policy.
Global problems, Geopolitics, Foreign Policy, Global Transport, Information and Financial Technologies, Economic Instruments, Geoeconomics, National Interests
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